Western hognoses care

Diseases of Western hognoses

Health issues & Diseases
Western hognose snakes are hardly Little creatures. The majority of health issues are normally due to incorrect husbandry.

Like all reptiles, if not kept in optimal conditions they can be susceptible to health problems. In this chapter we will discuss prevention, internal & external pararites and common health issues.

Biosecurity – preventing sicknerss& disease
An often overlooked part of many reptile keepers captive husbandry is biosecurity. This is a protocol or strategy to combat pathogens and parasites of Western hognoses. Establishing a biosecurity protocol is important if you wish to minimize disease and illness in any captive animal collection. Prevention is always better tan cure especially regarding health.
Your biosecurity protocol should include visitors, quarantine, cleaning and disinfection of Western hognoses.

Quarantine
Quarantinig a snake thet displays symptoms of illness, away from any other snakes Western hognoses is advisable. The same applies to any new snakes.

Cleaning
Before desinfection can take place, all dirt and foreign matter must be removed. This is important as inorganic particles and matter can deactivate and interfere with the disinfectionprocess. By the very fact that any animal is housed in a confined space, like a reptile vivarium, there will always be an amount of faeces, shed skin and food particles in the environment.

Whatever cleaning solution you use, make sure you have thoroughly cleaned all of these away before disinfecting.



Parasites – internal
Internal parasites of Western hognoses commonly found in snakes include single celled organisms and worms. They can get infected by either a direct (no intermediate host involved) or indirect life cycle (with an intermediate host involved). Wild caught hognoses will normally be infected and should be held in quarantine and treated until you are sure they are clean.

Symptims that a hognose is harboring internal parasites can include regurgitation; chronic loss of weight; abdominal bloating or bulges; discolored and runny stools as well as an abnormal prolonged digestión period.

Frogs, toast and salamanders can act intermediate hosts for a large number of internal reptile parasites. For this reason it’s important to try ans switch amphibian feeders over to frozen rodents if posible. (If there are any internal parasites present in the rodents, the freezing process will kill them.)

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